The Galleria: Milan’s Glass Covered Street - Galleria Vittorio Emanuele Connecting two of Milan’s most famous landmarks (The Duomo and La Scala) is the famous glass-vaulted arches of the Galleria. Formally known as the ‘Galleria Vittoria Emanuele II‘, the street is covered by an arching glass and cast iron roof. A landmark in its own right, the Galleria is a sight to behold. The Galleria Vittorio Emanuele II is a double arcade in the center of Milan, Italy. The structure is formed by two glass-vaulted arcades intersecting in an octagon covering the street connecting Piazza del Duomo to Piazza della Scala. An arcade is a succession of arches, each counterthrusting the next, supported by columns or piers or a covered walk enclosed by a line of such arches on one or both sides. The idea of an arcade containing shops began in France in 1798 with the Passage du Caire created as a tribute to the French campaign in Egypt and Syria. It was appreciated by the public for its protection from the weather, noise and filth of the streets allowing people to stroll in safety and comfort in a forerunner of the shopping mall. [Source: Wikipedia] The Galleria is named after Vittorio Emanuele II, the first king of the Kingdom of Italy. It was originally designed in 1861 and built by Giuseppe Mengoni between 1865 and 1877. [Source] The Galleria’s has two entrances. The entrance above is the Piazza del Duomo and the entrance below is the Piazza della Scala. The Galleria connects two of Milan’s most famous Landmarks the Duomo and La Scala. The Duomo is the cathedral church of Milan, Italy. It is dedicated to Santa Maria Nascente (Saint Mary Nascent), and is the seat of the Archbishop of Milan, currently Cardinal Angelo Scola. The Gothic cathedral took nearly six centuries to complete and is the fourth largest cathedral in the world. La Scala is a world renowned opera house inaugurated on 3 August 1778.